London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom. Standing on the River Thames, London has been a major settlement for two millennia, its history going back to its founding by the Romans.
London is a leading global city, with strengths in the arts, commerce, education, entertainment, fashion, finance, healthcare, media, professional services, research and development, tourism, and transport all contributing to its prominence It is one of the world's leading financial centres and world cultural capital. It is the world's most-visited city as measured by international arrivals and has the world's largest city airport system measured by passenger traffic. London is the world's leading investment destination hosting more. According to the report London also ranks first in the world in software, multimedia development and design, and shares first position in technology readiness. London is one of the pre-eminent financial centres of the world as the most important location for international finance. As of 2015 London tops the world rankings on the global financial centres index.
The London Eye is a giant Ferris wheel located on the edge of the River Thames. A short walk away, the area boasts the London Aquarium the Shard, opened a viewing platform to the public. Other major tourist attractions in London include the Tower of London, Buckingham Palace, Tower Bridge Experience, Madame Tussauds, ZSL London Zoo, London Dungeon and St Paul's Cathedral.
There are many museums and art gallery in the London area, the majority of which are free to enter. The most popular are the British Museum, the Science Museum, the Natural History Museum and the Victoria and Albert Museum. Notable galleries include Tate Modern, Tate Britain, the National Gallery and the National Portrait Gallery.